TREES AND SHRUBS OF THE U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS

(Sources: [1] Common trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (1964) by E. L. Little, Jr. and F. H. Wadsworth,
[2] Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, Second Volume (1974) by E. L. Little, Jr., R. O. Woodbury, and F. H. Wadsworth.)

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  Explanation of codes
Column 
 
1
i - introduced, n - native; PR - Only in Puerto Rico according to USDA Plant database
2
Species code from the USDA Plant database
3
Species name from USDA Plant database
4
Common name from USDA Plant database
5
Page number in above sources: red in Volume 1 [1], purple in Volume 2 [2]
6
Plant number in above sources

 
 
  Anacardiaceae (Cashew family)    
i ANOC Anacardium occidentale L. cashew 286 130
n CODO Comocladia dodonaea (L.) Urban poison ash 436 455
i MAIN3 Mangifera indica L.* Mango 288 131
nPR METO3 Metopium toxiferum (L.) Krug & Urban Florida poisontree 290 132
i SCTE Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi* Brazilian peppertree 440 457
iPR SPDU3 Spondias dulcis Parkinson* Jewish plum 292 133
n SPMO Spondias mombin L. yellow mombin 294 134
i SPPU Spondias purpurea L. * purple mombin 296 135
  Annonaceae (Annona family)    
iPR ANCH4 Annona cheirimola P. Mill.* cherimoya 170 319
n ANGL4 Annona glabra L. pond apple 172 320
n ANMO Annona montana Macfadyen mountain soursop 98 36
n ANMU2 Annona muricata L.* soursop 100 37
n ANRE Annona reticulata L.* custard apple 102 38
n ANSQ Annona squamosa L.* sugar apple 104 39
n GUCA2 Guatteria caribaea Urban haya blanca 174 321
n OXLA5 Oxandra laurifolia (Sw.) A. Rich. haya 178 323
  Apocynaceae (Dogbane family)    
i NEOL Nerium oleander L.* oleander 828 665
n PLAL Plumeria alba L. nosegaytree 460 217
i PLRU2 Plumeria rubra L.* templetree 462 218
n RANI2 Rauvolfia nitida Jacq. palo amargo 464 219
i THPE3 Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) K. Schum.* lucky-nut 834 668
  Aquifoliaceae (Holly family)    
n ILNI Ilex nitida (Vahl) Maxim. Puerto Rico holly 450 462
n ILUR Ilex urbaniana Loes. (E, R) Urban's holly 458 466
  Araliaceae (Ginseng family)    
n DEAR Dendropanax arboreus (L.) Decne. & Planch. ex Britt. angelica tree 426 200
n SCMO10 Schefflera morototoni (Aubl.) Maguire, Steyermark & Frodin matchwood 428 201
  Arecaceae (Palm family)    
n ACME2 Acrocomia media O. F. Cook Puerto Rico acrocomia 34 4
n COBA3 Coccothrinax barbadensis (Lodd. Ex Mart.) Beccari (E) Puerto Rico silver palm 74 267
i CONU Cocos nucifera L.* coconut palm 38 6
n ROBO Roystonea borinquena O. F. Cook Puerto Rico royal palm 44 9
n ROEL Roystonea elata (Bartr.) F. Harper* Florida royal palm 76 269
n SACA Sabal causiarum (O. F. Cook) Beccari  Puerto Rico palmetto 46 10
  Asclepiadaceae (Milkweed family)    
i CAPR Calotropis procera (Ait.) Ait. f.* roostertree 836 669
  Bignoniaceae (Bignonia family)    
i CALO8 Catalpa longissima (Jacq.) Dumm.- Cours.* Haitian catalpa 890 700
n CRCU Crescentia cujete L. common calabash tree 490 232
n CRLI5 Crescentia linearifolia Miers Higüerito 892 701
i JAMI Jacaranda mimosifolia D. Don* black poui 492 233
i SPCA Spathodea campanulata Beauv.* African tuliptree 494 234
n TAHE Tabebuia heterophylla (DC.) Britton white cedar 498 236
n TEST Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. Ex Kunth yellow trumpetbush 502 238
  Bixaceae* (Anatto family)    
i BIOR Bixa orellana L.* lipsticktree 358 166
  Bombacaceae (Bombax family)    
iPR ADDI3 Adansonia digitata L.* baobab 524 499
n CEPE2 Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn. kapoktree 332 153
nPR OCPY Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam.) Urban West Indian balsa 334 154
n QUTU Quararibaea turbinata (Sw.) Poir. swizzlestick tree 336 155
  Boraginaceae (Borage family)    
n BOSU2 Bourreria succulenta Jacq. bodywood 466 220
Cordia alba (Jacq.) Roem. & Schult. white manjack 840 671
n COAL Cordia alliodora (Ruiz & Pav.) Oken Spanish elm 468 221
n COCO5 Cordia collococca L. red manjack 842 672
n COLA12 Cordia laevigata Lam. smooth manjack 472 223
iPR COOB3 Cordia obliqua Willd.* clammy cherry 844 673
n CORI Cordia rickseckeri Millsp. (E) San Bartolomé 846 674
i COSE2 Cordia sebestena L.* largeleaf geiger-tree 848 675
n COSU3 Cordia sulcata DC. mucilage manjack 474 224
n ROAC2 Rochefortia acanthophora (DC.) Griseb. greenheart enbony 850 676
n TOFI Tournefortia filiflora Griseb. cold withe 852 677
  Burseraceae (Bursera family)    
n BUSI Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg. gumbo limbo 236 105
nPR DAEX Dacryodes excelsa Vahl candletree 238 106
nPR TEBA Tetragastris balsamifera (Sw.) Oken masa 240 107
  Buxaceae (Box family)    
n BUVA Buxus vahlii Baill. (E, R) Vahl's box 434 454
  Cactaceae (Cactus family)    
iPR CEHE3 Cereus hexagonus (L.) P. Mill.*† lady of the night cactus 600 537
n OPRU Opuntia rubescens Salm-Dyck ex DC. sour pricklypear  378 176
n PIRO6 Pilosocereus royenii (L.) Byles & Rowley Royen's tree cactus 376 175
nPR STFI5 Stenocereus fimbriatus (Lam.) Lourteig Spanish stenocereus 600 538
  Canellaceae (Canella family)    
n CAWI Canella winteriana (L.) Gaertn. wild cinnamon 362 168
  Capparaceae (Caper family)    
n CAAM13 Capparis amplissima Lam. burro blanco 218 343
n CABA2 Capparis baducca L. caper 222 345
n CACY Capparis cynophallophora L. Jamaican caper 132 53
n CAFL2 Capparis flexuosa (L.) L. falseteeth 220 344
n CAHA9 Capparis hastata Jacq. broadleaf caper 224 346
n CAIN5 Capparis indica (L.) Druce linguam 226 347
n MOAM Morisonia americana L. ratapple 228 348
  Caprifoliaceae* (Honeysuckle family)    
n SANIC4 Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis L.* common elderberry 980 749
  Caricaceae* (Papaya family)    
i CAPA23 Carica papaya L. papaya 374 174
  Casuarinaceae* (Casuarina family)     
i CAEQ Casuarina equisetifolia L. *  beach sheoak 48  11
  Cecropiaceae (Trumpet Tree family)    
n CESC9 Cecropia schreberiana Miq. pumpwood 66 20
  Celastraceae (Bittersweet family)    
n CAXY Cassine xylocarpa Vent. marble tree 460 467
n CRRH Crossopetalum rhacoma Crantz maidenberry 462 468
n GYLA Gyminda latifolia (Sw.) Urban West Indies false box 464 469
n MACY Maytenus cymosa Krug & Urban (E) Caribbean mayten 466 470
n MALA8 Maytenus laevigata (Vahl) Griseb.ex Eggers white cinnamon 468 471
n SCFR Schaefferia frutescens Jacq. Florida boxwood 474 474
  Chrysobalanaceae (Coco Plum family)    
n CHIC Chrysobalanus icaco L. icaco coco-plum 230 349
n HITR3 Hirtella triandra Sw. pigeonberry 234 351
  Clusiaceae (Mangosteen family)    
n CAAN22 Calophyllum antillanum Britt. Antilles calophyllum 348 161
n CLCL2 Clusia clusioides (Griseb.) D'Arcy cupeillo 350 162
n CLRO Clusia rosea Jacq. scotch attorney 352 163
n GAPO2 Garcinia portoricensis (Urban) Alain palo de cruz 356 165
n MAAM2 Mammea americana L. mammee apple 354 164
  Cochlospermaceae* (Cochlospermum family)    
iPR COVI Cochlospermum vitifolium (Willd.) Willd. ex Spreng.* silk cottontree 360 360
  Combretaceae (Combretum family)    
n BUTE4 Buchenavia tetraphylla (Aubl.) Howard fourleaf buchenavia 386 180
n BUBU Bucida buceras L. gregorywood 388 181
n COER2 Conocarpus erectus L. button mangrove 390 182
n LARA2 Laguncularia racemosa (L.) Gaertn. f. white mangrove 392 183
i TECA Terminalia catappa L.* tropical almond 394 184
  Cyatheaceae (Tree-fern family)    
n CYAR Cyathea arborea (L.) J. E. Smith  West Indian treefern 28 1
  Elaeocarpaceae (Elaeocarpus family)    
nPR SLBE Sloanea berteriana Choisy ex DC. bulletwood 324 149
  Ericaceae (Heath family)    
n LYRU2 Lyonia rubiginosa (Pers.) G. Don (E, R) St. Thomas staggerbush 760 627
  Erythroxylaceae (Coca family)    
n ERAR17 Erythroxylon areolatum L. swampredwood 210 92
n ERRO3 Erythroxylum rotundifolium Lunan ratwood 314 391
  Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family)    
n ADRI Adelia ricinella L. wild lime 386 429
n ALLA Alchornea latifolia Sw. achiotillo 262 118
nPR ALFL3 Alchorneopsis floribunda (Benth.) Muell-Arg. palo de gallina 264 119
i ALMO2 Aleurites moluccana (L.) Willd.* Indian walnut 388 430
n CHAR8 Chamaesyce articulata (Aubl.) Britton jointed sandmat 392 432
iPR CNAC Cnidoscolus aconitifolius (P. Mill.) I. M. Johnst.* treadsoftly 394 433
n CRAS3 Croton astroites Aiton wild marrow 396 434
n CRRI2 Croton rigidus (Muell. Arg.) Britton (E) yellow balsam 398 435
n DRAL5 Drypetes alba Poit. cafeillo 402 437
n DRGL2 Drypetes glauca Vahl varital 268 121
n EUPE8 Euphorbia petiolaris Sims manchineel berry 270 122
i EUTI Euphorbia tirucalli L.* Indiantree spurge 414 443
n GYLU Gymnanthes lucida Sw. oysterwood 272 123
n HIMA2 Hippomane mancinella L. manchineel 274 124
n HUCR Hura crepitans L. sandbox tree 276 125
i JACU2 Jatropha curcas L. * Barbados nut 416 444
i JAMU Jatropha multifida L. coralbush 420 446
n MANO Margaritaria nobilis L. f. bastard hogberry 282 128
i PHAC3 Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels* Tahitian gooseberrytree 280 127
n PHJU2 Phyllanthus juglandifolius Willd.† gamo de costa 420 447
i RICO3 Ricinus communis L.* castorbean 422 448
n SACA25 Sapium caribaeum Urban gumtree 424 449
n SASE6 Savia sessiliflora (Sw.) Willd. amansa guapo 428 451
  Fabaceae (Legume family)    
    Mimosoideae (Mimosa subfamily)    
n ACAN4 Acacia anegadensis Britton (E, R) blackbrush wattle 242 354
n ACFA Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.* sweet acacia 142 58
n ACMA Acacia macracantha Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. porknut 244 355
n ACMU Acacia muricata (L.) Willd. spineless wattle 246 356
i ACNI2 Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile * gum arabic tree 248 357
i ACPO3 Acacia polyacantha Willd.* catechu tree 250 358
n ACTO Acacia tortuosa (L.) Willd. poponax 252 359
i ADPA Adenanthera pavonina L.* red beadtree 144 59
i ALLE Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.* woman's tongue 146 60
n INLA Inga laurina (Sw.) Willd. sackey sac bean 150 62
nPR INVE Inga vera Willd. river koko 154 64
n LELE10 Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit white leadtree 156 65
i PIDU Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth.* monkeypod 162 68
nPR PIUN Pithecellobium unguis-cati (L.) Berth. catclaw blackbead 262 365
iHA PRJU Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC.* mesquite 166 70
i SASA10 Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.* raintree 164 69
n ZAPO2 Zapoteca portoricensis (Jacq.) H. Hernández white stickpea 256 361
    Caesalpinioideae (Cassia subfamily)    
i BAMO2 Bauhinia monandra Kurz* napoleon's plume 168 71
iPR BAPU Bauhinia purpurea L.* butterfly tree 266 366
iPR BAVA Bauhinia variegata L. * mountain eboby 268 367
n CACO28 Caesalpinia coriaria (Jacq.) Willd. divi divi 270 368
i CAPU13 Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. * pride-of-Barbados 272 369
i CAFI3 Cassia fistula L.* golden shower 170 72
n CAGR11 Cassia grandis L. f.* pink shower  276 371
iPR CAJA3 Cassia javanica L.* apple blossom 172 73
i DERE Delonix regia (Bojer) Raf.* royal poinciana 176 75
i HACA2 Haematoxylum campechianum L.* bloodwoodtree 286 376
n HYCO Hymenaea courbaril L. stinking toe 178 76
n PAAC3 Parkinsonia aculeata L.* Jerusalem thorn 180 77
i PEPT Peltophorum pterocarpa (DC.) Baker ex K. Heyne* yellow poinciana 182 78
n SEPO5 Senna polyphylla (Jacq.) Irwin & Barneby retama prieta 280 373
i SESI3 Senna siamea (Lam.) H.S. Irwin & Barneby* Siamese cassia 174 74
n STMO Stahlia monosperma (Tul.) Urban cóbana negra 184 79
i TAIN2 Tamarindus indica L.* tamarind 186 80
    Faboideae (Pea subfamily)    
n ANIN Andira inermis (W. Wright) Kunth ex DC. cabbagebarktree 188 81
iPR ERBE3 Erythrina berteriana Urban* machete 190 82
n ERCO22 Erythrina corallodendron L. coral erythrina 292 378
n EREG Erythrina eggersii Krukoff & Moldenke (E, R) cock's spur 296 380
i ERFU2 Erythrina fusca Lour.* bucayo 192 83
iPR ERPO5 Erythrina poeppigiana (Walp.) O. F. Cook* mountain immortelle 194 84
iPR ERVA7 Erythrina variegata L.* tiger's claw 298 381
i GLSE2 Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth ex Walp.* quickstick 196 85
nPR LOHE7 Lonchocarpus heptaphyllus (Poir.) DC. broadleaf lancepod 198 86
n MALU2 Machaerium lunatum (L. f.) Ducke palo de hoz 304 385
n MYFR2 Myrospermum frutescens Jacq.* † cercipo 304 386
nPR ORKR Ormosia krugii Urban peronia 200 87
n PIAC Pictetia aculeata (Vahl) Urban fustic 202 88
n PICA5 Piscidia carthagenensis Jacq. stinkwood 306 387
i SEGR5 Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Poir.* vegetable hummingbird 208 91
  Flacourtiaceae (Flacourtia family)    
n CAAR8 Casearia arborea (L. C. Rich.) Urban gia verde 364 169
n CADE11 Casearia decandra Jacq. wild honeytree 366 170
n CAGU2 Casearia guianensis (Aubl.) Urban Guyanese wild coffee 368 171
n CASY2 Casearia sylvestris Sw. crackopen 370 172
iPR FLIN3 Flacourtia inermis Roxb.* batoko plum 580 527
nPR HORA Homalium racemosum Jacq. white cogwood 372 173
n PRCR2 Prockia crucis P Br. ex L. guasimilla 588 531
SADO7 Samyda dodecandra Jacq. guayabilla 590 532
n XYBU Xylosma buxifolia Gray mucha gente 592 533
  Lauraceae (Laurel family)    
n BEPE Beilschmiedia pendula (Sw.) Hemsl. slugwood 110 42
i CICA Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl.*† camphortree 186 327
n CIEL2 Cinnamomum elongatum (Vahl ex Nees) Kosterm. laurel avispillo 212 340
i CIVE2 Cinnamomum verum J. Presl.* cinnamon 188 328
n LIPA9 Licaria parviflora (Lam.) Kosterm. Puerto Rico cinnamon 112 43
n LITR Licaria triandra (Sw.) Kosterm. pepperleaf sweetwood 114 44
n NECO Nectandra coriacea (Sw.) Griseb. lancewood 116 45
n NEHI2 Nectandra hihua (Ruíz & Pav.) Rohwer shinglewood 192 330
n NEME3 Nectandra membranacea (Sw.) Griseb. sweetwood 196 332
n NEPA4 Nectandra patens (Sw.) Griseb capberry 198 333
n NETU Nectandra turbacensis (Kunth) Nees (E) laurel amarillo 200 334
n OCFL Ocotea floribunda (Sw.) Mez laurel espada 120 47
n OCLE Ocotea leucoxylon (Sw.) De Laness loblolly sweetwood 122 48
i PEAM3 Persea americana P. Mill.* avocado 128 51
  Liliaceae (Lily family)    
iPR DRFR2 Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker-Gawl.* fragrant dracaena 80 273
nPR YUAL Yucca aloifolia L.* aloe yucca 82 274
  Lythraceae (Loosestrife family)    
n GIRO Ginoria rohrii (Vahl) Koehne bastard gregre 608 542
iPR LAIN Lagerstroemia indica L. * crapemyrtle 610 543
IPR LASP Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. * pride of India 382 178
i LAIN5 Lawsonia inermis L.* henna 612 544
  Malpighiaceae (Malpighia family)    
n BUGL Bunchosia glandulosa (Cav.) DC. café forastero 364 418
n BYLU Byrsonima lucida (P. Mill.) DC. Long Key locustberry 366 419
n BYSP Byrsonima spicata (Cav.) Kunth. doncella 256 115
iPR MAEM Malpighia emarginata Sessé & Moc. ex DC.* Barbados cherry 380 426
n MAFU2 Malpighia fucata Ker-Gawl palo bronco 370 421
n MAGL6 Malpighia glabra L.* wild crapemyrtle 372 422
n MAIN5 Malpighia infestissima L. C. Rich ex Niedenzu (E, R) cowhage cherry  378 425
n MALI2 Malpighia linearis Jacq. bastard cherry 376 424
n MAWO Malpighia woodburyana Vivaldi (E) Woodbury's stingingbush 374 423
  Malvaceae (Mallow family)    
n ABVI2 Abutilon virginianum Krapov (E, R) Jost van Dyke's Indian mallow 522 498
i GOBA Gossypium barbadense L.* Creole cotton 516 495
iPR HIEL Hibiscus elatus Sw.* mahoe 518 496
iPR HITI Hibiscus tiliaceus L.* sea hibiscus 326 150
nPR THGR2 Thespesia grandiflora DC. maga 328 151
i THPO3 Thespesia populnea (L.) Soland. ex Correa* Portia tree 330 152
  Melastomataceae (Melastome family)    
nPR HEFA5 Henriettea fascicularis (Sw.) G. Mara† camasey peludo 704 597
n MILA8 Miconia laevigata (L.) D. Don smooth johnnyberry 714 602
n MIMI3 Miconia mirabilis (Aubl.) L. O. Wms. camasey cuatrocanales 716 603
n MIPR3 Miconia prasina (Sw.) DC. granadillo bobo 422 198
n MISE2 Miconia serrulata (DC.) Naud. jau jau 728 610
n MITH Miconia thomasiana DC. (E) camasey tomaso 736 614
n MODO2 Mouriri domingensis (Tuss.) Spach murta 738 615
n TEAN2 Tetrazygia angustifolia (Sw.) DC. stinkingfish 744 618
n TEEL Tetrazygia elaeagnoides (Sw.) DC. krekre 424 199
  Meliaceae (Mahogany family)    
iPR AZIN2 Azadirachta indica Adr. Juss.* neem 358 414
n CEOD Cedrela odorata L. Spanish cedar 242 108
n GUGU Guarea guidonia (L.) Sleumer American muskwood 244 109
i MEAZ Melia azedarach L.* Chinaberry tree 246 110
iPR SWMA Swietenia macrophylla King* Honduras mahogany 248 111
n SWMA2 Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq.* West Indian mahogany 250 112
n TRHI3 Trichilia hirta L. broomstick 252 113
nPR TRPA2 Trichilia pallida Sw. gaita 254 114
  Moraceae (Mulberry family)     
i ARAL7 Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg*  breadfruit 60 17
iPR ARHE2 Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.*  jackfruit 62 18
iPR FIBE Ficus benjamina L.* weeping fig 110 288
n FICI Ficus citrifolia P. Mill. wild banyan tree 70 22
iPR FIEL Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem* India rubberplant 68  21
n FIOB Ficus obtusifolia Kunth amate 118 292
iPR FITH2 Ficus thonningii Blume*  Chinese banyan 72 23
n FITR Ficus trigonata L. jaguey blanco 124 295
n MATI3 Maclura tinctoria (L.) D. Don ex Steud. fustictree 108 287
  Moringaceae* (Horseradish-tree family)    
i MOOL Moringa oleifera Lam * horseradishtree 134 54
  Myoporaceae (Myoporum family)     
n BODA Bontia daphnoides L. white alling 910 711
  Myrsinaceae (Myrsine family)    
n AROB2 Ardisia obovata Desv. ex Hamilton Guadeloupe malberry 430 202
nPR MYCO2 Myrsine coriacea (Sw.) R. Br. ex Roemer & J. A. Schultes leathery colicwood 432 203
n MYFL2 Myrsine floridana A. DC. Guianese colicwood 434 204
  Myrtaceae (Myrtle family)    
n CAKI Calyptranthes kiaerskovii Krug & Urban† (E, R) Kiaerskov's lidflower 630 552
nPR CAKR Calyptranthes krugii Kiaersk. limoncillo 396 185
n CAPA8 Calyptranthes pallens Griseb. pale lidflower 632 554
n CATH3 Calyptranthes thomasiana Berg† (E, R) Thomas' lidflower 638 557
iPR EURO2 Eucalyptus robusta J. E. Smith* swampmahogany 398 186
n EUAX Eugenia axillaris (Sw.) Willd. white stopper  642 561
n EUBI Eugenia biflora (L.) DC. blackrodwood 644 562
n EUCO4 Eugenia confusa DC. redberry stopper 650 565
n EUCO5 Eugenia cordata (Sw.) DC. lathberry 652 566
n EUCOS Eugenia cordata var. sintenisii (SW.) DC. lathberry 670 578
nPR EUDO Eugenia domingensis Berg serrette guava 400 187
n EUFO3 Eugenia foetida Pers. boxleaf stopper 660 572
n EULI Eugenia ligustrina (Sw.) Willd. privet stopper 658 571
n EUMO Eugenia monticola (Sw.) DC. birdcherry 662 573
n EUPR4 Eugenia procera (Sw.) Poir. rockmyrtle 664 574
n EUPS Eugenia pseudopsidium Jacq. Christmas cherry 666 575
n EURH Eugenia rhombea Krug & Urban red stopper 406 190
n EUSE10 Eugenia sessiliflora Vahl (E, R) sessileleaf stopper 668 577
i EUUN2 Eugenia uniflora L.* Surinam cherry 674 580
n EUXE Eugenia xerophytica Britton (E, R) aridland stopper 676 581
n MYCI Myrcia citrifolia (Aubl.) Urban red rodwood 624 549
nPR MYDE Myrcia deflexa (Poir.) DC. cieneguillo 410 192
n MYSP Myrcia splendens (Sw.) DC. punchberry 412 193
n MYFR Myrcianthes fragrans (Sw.) McVaugh twinberry 686 587
n MYFL Myrciaria floribunda (West ex Willd.) Berg guavaberry 688 588
n PIRA Pimenta racemosa (P. Mill.) J. W. Moore bayrumtree 414 194
n PSAM Psidium amplexicaule Pers. (E) mountain guava 692 590
i PSGU Psidium guajava L. guava 416 195
i SYJA Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston* Malabar plum 402 188
i SYMA2 Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & Perry* Malaysian apple 404 189
  Nyctaginaceae (Four-o'Clock family)   
n GUFR Guapira fragrans (Dum.-Cours.) Little  black mampoo 92 33
n NEBU Neea buxifolia (Hook. f.) Heimerl (E) saltwood 166 317
n PISU Pisonia subcordata Sw. water mampoo 90 32
  Ochnaceae (Ochna family)    
n OUIL Ouratea ilicifolia (DC.) Baill. chicharron amarillo 542 508
n OULI Ouratea littoralis Urban (E) abey amarillo 544 509
  Olacaceae (Olax family)    
n SCOB Schoepfia obovata C. Wright white beefwood 142 305
n SCSC3 Schoepfia schreberi J. F. Gmel. gulf graytwig 144 306
n XIAM Ximenia americana L. tallow wood 146 307
  Oleaceae (Olive family)    
n CHCO12 Chionanthus compactus Sw. bridgotree 820 661
nPR CHDO4 Chionanthus domingensis Lam. white rosewood 458 216
n FOEG Forestiera eggersiana Krug & Urban inkbush 804 653
n FORH Forestiera rhamnifolia Griseb. caca ravet 806 654
n FOSE Forestiera segregata (Jacq.) Krug & Urban Florida swampprivet 808 655
  Oxalidaeeae (Oxalis family)    
i AVCA Averrhoa carambola L.* carambola 312 390
  Piperaceae (Pepper family)    
n PIAM2 Piper amalago L. higuillo de limón 90 279
  Poaceae (Grass family)     
i BAVU2 Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C. Wendle*  common bamboo 32 3
  Polygalaceae (Milkwort family)    
n POPE13 Polygala penaea L. crevajosa 382 428
  Polygonaceae (Buckwheat family)    
n CODI8 Coccoloba diversifolia Jacq. tietongue 76 25
n COKR Coccoloba krugii Lindau whitewood 150 309
n COMI Coccoloba microstachya Willd. puckhout 152 310
n COPY Coccoloba pyrifolia Desf. (E) uvera 154 311
n COSW Coccoloba swartzii Meisn. Swartz's pigeonplum 80 27
n COUV Coccoloba uvifera (L.) L. seagrape 82 28
n COVE Coccoloba venosa L. false chiggergrape 84 29
  Punicacea (Pomegranate family)    
i PUGR2 Punica granatum L.* pomegranate 614 545
  Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn famiily)    
n COAR3 Colubrina arborescens (P. Mill.) Sarg. greenheart 316 145
n COEL2 Colubrina elliptica (Sw.) Briz. & Stern soldierwood 318 146
n KRFE Krugiodendron ferreum (Vahl) Urban leadwood 320 147
n REGU Reynosia guama Urban (E, R) guama 498 486
n REUN Reynosia uncinata Urban sloe 502 488
n ZIMA Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. * Indian jujube 506 490
n ZIRE Ziziphus reticulata (Vahl) DC. cacao rojo 322 148
n ZIRI Ziziphus rignonii Delponte soane 508 491
n ZITA Ziziphus taylorii (Britton) M. C. Johnst. Taylor's jujube 510 492
  Rhizophoraceae (Mangrove family)    
n RHMA2 Rhizophora mangle L. American mangrove 384 179
  Rubiaceae (Madder family)    
n ANAC4 Antirhea acutata (DC.) Urban placa chiquitu 916 713
n ANLU3 Antirhea lucida (Sw.) Hook. f. palo ilorón 920 715
n CHVE4 Chione venosa (Sw.) Urban fatpork 926 720
i COAR2 Coffea arabica L.* Arabian coffee 506 240
n ERFR4 Erithalis fruticosa L. black torch 930 722
n EXCA Exostema caribaeum (Jacq.) J.A.Schultes Caribbean princewood 508 241
n FAOC Faramea occidentalis (L.) A. Rich. false-coffee 510 242
n GEAM Genipa americana L. jagua 512 243
n GUEL Guettarda elliptica Sw. hammock velvetseed 934 725
n GUOD Guettarda odorata (Jacq.) Lam. cucubano de Vieques 940 728
n GUSC Guettarda scabra (L.) Vent. wild guave 514 244
n HAPA3 Hamelia patens Jacq. scarletbush 946 731
n IXFE Ixora ferrea (Jacq.) Benth. palo de hierro 516 245
i MOCI3 Morinda citrifolia L.* Indian mulberry 518 246
n PACR Palicourea croceoides Ham. 960 738
n PSDO2 Psychotria domingensis Jacq. cheakyberry 958 737
n RAAC Randia aculeata L. white indigoberry 520 247
n ROPI3 Rondeletia pilosa Sw. cordobancillo peludo 976 747
  Rutaceae (Rue family)    
n AMEL Amyris elemifera L. sea torchwood 216 95
i CIAU Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle* lime 218 96
i CIAU2 Citrus aurantium L.* sour orange 220 97
i CILI Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.* lemon 222 98
i CIPA3 Citrus xparadisi Macfadyen* (maxima x sinensis) grapefruit 224 99
i CISI Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck* sweet orange 226 100
i MUEX2 Murraya exotica L.* Chinese box 328 399
n PIRA3 Pilocarpus racemosus Vahl  aceitillo 330 400
i TRTR7 Triphasia trifolia (Burm. f.) P. Wils.* limeberry 334 402
n ZAFL Zanthoxylum flavum Vahl West Indian satinwood 228 101
n ZAMA Zanthoxylum martinicense (Lam.) DC. white pricklyash 230 102
n ZAMO Zanthoxylum monophyllum (Lam.) P. Wilson yellow prickle 232 103
n ZAPU2 Zanthoxylum punctatum Vahl dotted pricklyash 340 405
n ZASP Zanthoxylum spinifex (Jacq.) DC. niaragato 342 406
n ZATH Zanthoxylum thomasianum (Krug & Urban) Krug & Urban ex P. Wilson (E, R) 344 407
  Sabiaceae (Sabia family)    
n MEHE Meliosma herbertii Rolfe aguacatillo 314 144
  Sapindaceae (Soapberry family)    
n ALRA Allophylus racemosus Sw. palo de caja 484 479
iPR BLSA2 Blighia sapida Koenig* akee 486 480
n CUTR Cupania triquetra A. Rich. guara blanca 488 481
n DOVI Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq. Florida hopbush 490 482
n EXPA Exothea paniculata (Juss.) Radlk. butterbough 492 483
i MEBI Melicoccus bijugatus Jacq.* Spanish lime 306 140
n SASA4 Sapindus saponaria L. wingleaf soapberry 308 141
  Sapotaceae (Sapodilla family)    
n CHAR6 Chrysophyllum argenteum Jacq. bastard redwood 436 205
n CHBI5 Chrysophyllum bicolor Poir. star apple 780 638
n CHCA10 Chrysophyllum cainito L. star apple 438 206
n CHPA31 Chrysophyllum pauciflorum Lam. (E) caimito de perro 782 639
n MABI5 Manilkara bidentata (A. DC.) Chev. bulletwood 444 209
n MAPL2 Manilkara pleeana (Pierre ex Baill.) Cronq. (E, R) zapote de costa 788 644
i MAZA Manilkara zapota (L.) v. Royen* sapodilla 446 210
nPR MIGU2 Micropholis guyanensis (A. DC.) Pierre wild balata 448 211
n POMU6 Pouteria multiflora (A. DC.) Eyma bullytree 452 213
iPR POSA13 Pouteria sapota (Jacq.) H. E. Moore & Stearn* mamey sapote 792 647
n SIFO Sideroxylon foetidissimum Jacq. false mastic 454 214
n SIOB Sideroxylon obovatum Lam. breakbill 778 637
n SISA6 Sideroxylon salicifolium (L.) Lam. white bully 442 208
  Simaroubaceae (Ailanthus family)    
n CAER3 Castela erecta Turp. goatbush 346 408
n PIPE Picramnia pentandra Sw. Florida bitterbush 234 104
n PIAN2 Picrasma antillana (Eggers) Urban bitter ash 348 409
n PIEX Picrasma excelsa (Sw.) Planch. bitterwood 350 410
  Solanaceae (Nightshade family)    
n ACAR Acnistus arborescens (L.) Schlecht. hollowheart 866 686
i BRAM4 Brunfelsia americana L. American brunfelsia 868 687
n CELA2 Cestrum laurifolium L'H r. galen del monte 878 692
i CENO Cestrum nocturnum L.*† night jessamine 878 693
n SOER2 Solanum erianthum D. Don  potatotree 884 697
n SOPO Solanum polygamum Vahl cakalaka berry 886 698
n SOTO4 Solanum torvum Sw. turkey berry 888 699
  Staphyleaceae (Bladdernut family)    
n TUOC Turpinia occidentalis (Sw.) G. Don muttonwood 300 137
  Sterculiaceae (Chocolate family)    
n GUUL Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. bastardcedar 338 156
n HEJA Helicteres jamaicensis Jacq. screwtree 534 504
iPR STAP Sterculia apetala (Jacq.) Karst.* panama-tree 340 157
i THCA Theobroma cacao L.* cacao 342 158
  Surianaceae (Suriana family)
n SUMA2 Suriana maritima L. bay cedar 354 412
  Symplocaceae (Sweetleaf family)    
n SYMA Symplocos martinicensis Jacq. Martinique sweetleaf 456 215
  Theaceae (Tea family)    
n TEPE Ternstroemia peduncularis DC. copey vera 554 514
  Theophrastaceae (Theophrasta family)    
n JAAR2 Jacquinia armillaris Jacq. braceletwood 762 628
n JABE Jacquinia berteroi Spreng. bois bande 764 629
  Thymelaeaceae (Mezereon family)    
n DAAM2 Daphnopsis americana (P. Mill.) J. R. Johnst. burn nose 604 540
nPR DAHE Daphnopsis helleriana Urban (E, R) Heller's cieneguillo 606 541
  Ulmaceae (Elm family)    
n CETR3 Celtis trinervia Lam. almex 104 286